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National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) ͧзǧҤѰϤ ç ҾʶҹؤѨغѹͧ෤աâѺոҴµͧ §ҹ෤ö¹ѵѵѧԧԸաáԨоѲçҹҧ͡繶֧˹ͺաäǺӡѺԡҫǹСͺºͧö¹Ѻ͹µͧҧẺͧèͧѺǶ

: US NHTSA

§ըش¾ԡâž鹰ҹТͧǡѺԸա˹ö¹Ѻ͹µͧö¹Ѻ͹ѵѵ觤ԧ 13;ҡͿ

We19 ¡͡ͺͧա:

  • 觶ö¹Ѻͧ (鹤)
  • öѺ͹µͧջѹҧѹѺҾǴҧ
  • ѨغѹẺԸաŧͧ͢ Google19; s Waymo ¡ѹ Tesla19; s Autopilot

ѺҹöǺǡѺҹö¹Ѻ͹µͧẺ͹˹¶֧ԧ֡ӤѭǾѹͧǡѹ Źͧö¹Ѻͧ 13;äҴóҡҧö¹شʹ 11 á Ѻ AI ʴ㹡âѺö¹ 13;ͻपѹѨغѹ . We19; á¡þԨóдѺûͧͧ:

дѺöѺͧ

˵ط SAE International кö¹Ѻ͹µͧ Ҫ :

: SAE International

дѺ 1: кѵѵԪ鹵ӷ衺ФѺèӡѴѹҧ蹤سѡɳкǺǴǤẺѵѵԨФǺͧ¹оáͤ¹ŧЧҹاѡ㹢з褹ѺФǺǧ͡кдѺ 1 ѺСѹҨաäǺʹ дѺ 2 : дѺ㹢зҹͧҹ˹繵ҡ觤á¡ѹúѧѺкäǺǺ 19; Ѻ 19; ҤͧաþԨóко˹дѺ 2 ӹǹҡѧѺѺǧкѵѵԷӧҹҧͧ дѺ 3 : ҹ˹зЫǴçѺöӧҹ (ҷ蹡觢ͤҾ¹) 駷кäǺáԨͧҹ˹ǹ˭ҧáкѧá᫧ͧѺҷ մ Ѻ÷ӺҧҧԵҹ˹к дѺ 4 : дѺͧѺâѺµͧաʹ᫧ͧѺ§Դ зӡѹ੾觷͡Ҵ鹷աáӷմ˹觷¡Ҿ鹷ʶҹ˹ҧԪʵ дѺ 5 : 繵ͧСͺ¡á᫧ҡ

Դйö¹Ѻ͹µͧͧ BMW19ʴ繵ҴѺмѺдѺҧþҾͧ෤պҧҧͺöǺͧ:

Ҫ 5 ͡Ҫ繤Թҡѹͧ ѷ ö¹Ѻ͹µͧ鹷ҧͧǡ㹡Ҷ֧дѺ 5 ͡Ҫᵡҧѹҡͧҧ ҧͨѴûͧͧдѺ 3 дѺ 4 çѹԹͧҡ觵ͨҡͧ¹ҨöҴ¡ѹѹ (¹ҡͤͧ͡Ҿ¹źҡغѵ˵Ҩ繤Ҵѧԧ)/ p>

ö¹ʶҹѺ͹µͧջѹѺҾǴҧ

зǧҤþѰԡкҹ˹зТѺ͹ѵѵ Դ 觡ѹСѹͺǴԸ:

ͺҧҹ˹СѺҹ˹ (V2V) >

ͺ V2V ҧöѺ͹µͧ š¹ǡѺ鹷ҧѴ´ػä ҧҡö¹Ѻ͹µͧʺغѵ˵͡èҨ÷ջҳҡ ա͹Ǫҡö·ʹѧöѺͧöѺ鹷ҧѺҨա§غѵ˵ش¡ѹèҨ

ҧ˹СѺçҧ鹰ҹ (V2I)

ö¹˹Ѻ͹µͧö 蹡ѹͧСͺçҧ鹰ҹ繵ҡŨʹö¹ѨͨФԴԶշҧ¡ѹͧʹö¹ǧ˹ҡ͹˹ҹ⤨ СȹҤشѧöԴͧѵѵԨӵͧѴԹǨѡشѧ䧤鹶֧: Դ駩ҡԧ仡ҹö餹Ѻö ѡ 1C Һ 1D;ǧ˹ǻСͺ¡ͧͷʹöҡ綡ԧ

ͺҧҹ˹СѺѡԹ (V2P)

ͺͧ V2P ѡ ӧҹ ҧö¹˹Ѻ͹µͧͻपѹҹ觼⿹觢ͧԹ 19; ҡþԷ蹹Լ¹к աԷԹش˹ع V2P ˹¡ҴѭҳҧԹҴҼԡúҹšͶ (鹩Ѻ)ԹʶҹСͺ˵غͧҧµö׹ MAPS ͨѺ¡ѹ¡͡Ǣͧҧ¡¡ѹͧѺ觢ͧҧԹ 19 ӴѺö˹Ѻ͹µͧѡǴѧǹ͡˹ͨèҡШö¹ 19;Ѻ LiDAR ͨкдѺԹ蹵ç鹴¡ѹҨźҡõ

ẺѺͤҹ

Bosch ͸Ժ¢ͤҹԴͧþ෤ V2V V2I 㹷Դ˵ǧ 2 ҷյ:

¼дɰþ China19 ͡繨öʶҹҧþ 1C; V21D;ҹ㹷Դʴ繾 2018 :

㹢з෤աҧҡ㹷ǧ 1C; V21D;෤աѧʹѺʹعآ͡Ҫ 13 ҡ觢鹴¡ѹѧҴ 13;ͧʹ觢ǡѺѺФԹѧ令ѴһȵҧоѲҡóաҹѺҵðҹ V2 ˹ᵡҧѹҧѺѧԹ价к觺͡Ҵͻपѹ V2 㴨СҵðҹաҢҧ˹Ҵ¡ѹж١¡ԡ

ҧؤѨغѹͧö¹Ѻ͹µͧѺǹСͺ㹷ӧҹ

Google Tesla 繼˭ش觾鹷ҹ¹㹻Ѩغѹ觢ö¹Ѻ͹µͧӧҹҧҧ§Ǩ֧ͧǡѺáԨС÷ӧҹͧ Google19; s Waymo ¡ѹ Tesla19; Autopilot

Google19; s Waymo

ҡâͧ Google Waymo кѵѵдѺ 4 ¡ͧá᫧ҡ᷺硹

çҧ鹰ҹͧ Waymo19

Ҿ͸Ժͧ Waymo19 Сͺҹҧ:

: Google

çҧ鹰ҹͧ Waymo19 ҧôѺкͧٺ

LiDAR

ҡŢͧ Google Waymo ժش˹öӧҹ㹵˹ʧᵡҧش°ҹҡк LiDAR ͺȷҧ觻Сͺªǧ鹪ǧҧ´͹٧¡ѹ LiDAR LiDARs ҹʧʧѺ͹駵ԹҷФԴŢҷʧз͹͡ҡ鹼ҺؤСѺ价öѺ͹µͧ ҡѺҡ LiDAR Waymo §ҹҤҧἹ 3 ԵþҾǴкѵ͹ѺѵطԹ֧ҹ˹ ѡ蹨ѡҹԹѭҳ俨ҨáѺسѵԢͧǶҡ

Vision

ºͧþ Waymo19 ѧա˹觪شͧ˹դ´͹٧Ẻͺȷҧҧդ觡Ҩ㹡к㹰ҹʧ«觨ѡ㹡õǨѺѭҳҹ˹ࢵҧ俩Ѻѹ

Radar

Google ҧ Waymo 顺ôѺѨС͹ǼҹǤ 1C Թҧͺ 1D;Ҿʧҡȷᵡҧѡ蹽СѺ͡кôçѧ繩ѺҧͺȷҧöҤǢͧԹҹ˹ 360 ͧͺ öʶҹѺ͹µͧ

Waymo ѧաɷкǨѺ§͵ǨѺùءԹѺ GPS͵Դҹѹ÷ҧҾ

ͿѺµͧͧ Waymo19

Google ҧҫͿѺ͹µͧͧ Waymo19 Ѻý֡ͺеǺ鹰ҹͧ 1C; âѺͧ 5 ⾡ҹФѴਹâѺ躹ͧ 5 ¹ 1D;Ѻ͹šԻѡչ칹ԧ

Դʹҹҧç͸Ժ´Ըա÷ӧҹ觢ͧ Waymo ͧ: Google Ш෤дѺ 4 ͧ Waymo19 ׺ǹѺ 1C 1D;ѵФоĵԢͧǡз;ĵԡþҹ˹觡кǹõ

Perception

<<<< Waymo öǨѺкѨºǶ֧Թҹ˹ 㹢ǡѹѴǴǷȷҧФҼҹҡ

ҧ蹫ͿѺͧ Waymo19 ŢŨҡôѺҧ 1C ͡ view1D;ͧǴ¤ö Waymo Ǩ֧öШҴöԹüҹèҨ͡͡¹һѺҧͧҡժͧҨâҧкؾ¡¨Ҩ

÷ӹ¤оĵ

Waymo Google öӹ¾ĵԡͧ觢ͧèṡ͹ҹŢҡẺͧý֡Ѵҧ 1C зҧҹѴਹâѺ ҧ蹫ͿѺ͹µͧ 1C 1D;ҤԹҨٻó¡Ѻѡѡͨѡҹ ҡ͹Ҫҡзöѹɮҧա¹ŧȷҧҧзѹѹ

ҧἹ

ͿҧἹ׹ŷǺЫͿѺСäҴ๾ĵԡͨҧἹԶշҧѺ WaymoGoogle ҧҼҧἹþ Waymo19 ӧҹ 1C; ͧѹ, 1D;͡ҧŨҡشʹѺӤѭѺҡ»öѡҹФԹ

Tesla19; s Autopilot

Autopilot âͧ Tesla 繼Ŵѡɳ觢ͧö¹дѺ 2ǡѺдѺ 2 ǹ˭ Autopilot ͧûѹ͡ѺѺǧ·ء;令Ǻ͡ҡ Tesla ѧѡ͹ҼѺеͧҧóѺ˹ѡ㹷ҧ÷ӧҹҧѵѵ

Autopilot Hardware

ԵŢҴҹҧʴǹСͺͧ Autopilot

ҷ: Tesla

˵ط Tesla кشö¹Ѻ͹µͧԵҧ 2014 ֧Ҥ2016 ŵ⫹ԡ ˹ ôѧҹСͧ§͵ ҧ鹵 2559 Сͺŵ⫹ԡ 12 ѺкػѨ§¡ѹШԹôҧ˹ҷСͺ¤ö 1C Ǩ 1DҾҡȷԴἡᵡҧѹͧ¹͡ѯ˹çҹпմѺ Tesla19 »ҷº觻żԹзصԹҷ Ϳö¹͡Ѻ Tesla աԷѻവ 1C ҧͧҧҡ 1D;

Ϳ Autopilot

  • Traffic-Aware Cruise Control д¡ѡҤ͵ͺʹͧèҨͺ
  • 1C ¼Ѻ Autosteer1D;㹢ͺࢵͧŹʶҹͧҧ Ѻ¹ŹѵѵѺҹ¹Ź
  • 1C 鹼Ѻӷҧҹš Autopilot1D;ѺùӷҧöҡҧǧӴѺ 19 ҧҴѧҧҴ֧йӵЧҹ¹ҧùӷҧҧҧ¡ҧдѺҧǧСèҡҧҴ ʹöѵѵѺʹöԴ͵駩ҡѵѵ
  • ¡ 1C; Դ 1D;öҡʹö

ԨТͧسѡɳдѧǢҧդ͸Ժ ҹҧ:

͡ Autopilot

سѵԡùӷҧҹš Autopilot ¨¼Ѻö͹Ż·ҧŧ㹡Źӷҧ 19; s á 1C; ʴȹҾẺ 360 ͧ 1D;ʴ鹷ҧ褺ԴӵͧԴسѵԵçѺԹҧФ駾˵ؼŴҹʹ¹ӧҹ㹷鹵Դµ觢ͧ Tesla

¹Źѵѵ

سѡɳСêҧѡԹѵѵԻСͺ¤¹ŧŹ 2 Դ 鹷ҧ¡ѹ.ʹյèҨõԴѴ㹷ҧԹӹ֧֧ҧҧѧҹ駤Һҧҧ͡繶֧ҹ¹Źҹ˹Թͪҡз Autopilot ¤͸ԺѺ㹡ͧͷͧѺ ¹ŹѵѵԨѡͼѺ͡Ѵ͹ҹ׹ѹҹ¹ҧá Tesla ͹ѺҤسѡɳйлСóеͧʹҧѺѺǧTesla Ƕ֧Ѻö᷹سѵԹ蹡ѹͧҵʹ

Autopark and Summon

Ѻöʹöѵѵö¹Ѻ¤ǵҹкҡ蹵Ǩҷʹöͨشѹͧ觹繵ͧաá᫧աµͧ÷öҾйǴʵҧá͹öѡǺҧ͡¹ѧѺ

Autopilot ѧ Summonԡҹ硾ͼõͧ 1C; call1D;öѡҭȷҧ¹شͧäԡâҧ˹ҡѺ͹Ѻ ԴʹҹҧʴҸԵ繢ͧ Tesla Autopilot ͧẺ:

ػä觡ûͧͧ

㹢зŧعöѺ͹µͧҾ٧㹪ǧອշҹ 13;ѧСͺ¤ҷӤѭªԴ͡ҪдѺ 5 繨ԧ :

  • Ҩ㹾蹴Թѧٻ 13;ҧǧԿҾǴâѺᵡҧҡèҨâͧѧšѧԭҨ١ҧҧѧ㹷ҧͧҹö¹Ŵ͡ (ѧ㹴ҹͧʴաêҧž˹ŴŧѺٹżԵͧҹ) кѵѵԨФͺͧþѲͧѺʶҹó੾Шк÷ѴҹǶ觹ҨǡѺ¹ŧ¡Ѻ÷ѴҹâѺ㹻ȡ 1C ͷ跴ͺ 1D;óշա顮Ҩʶҹᵡҧѡöͺ෤աâѺաµͧ˹
  • Unified Standards 13;˹öáѹͧѺѡǹСͺ鹰ҹѡ繨еͧСͺ¡þѲҷҧùǪҵ ҧ͡»ѹ͡˹ʶҹյҡѺ蹡öáѡзҧ͡Ҩл֡ҡ硡Ѻǧ ԡҡѺ ѧŧͨлٻҵðҹ Сͺ¡Ԩش觨繵ͧͨѺͧʴաѺҧѨ˹ҧҹ˹д¡ѹçҧ鹰ҹ
  • Ըҹʹ > 13;ӹǹ»С觢ͧúҹ¡úԹäҢѰҧ 2543 ֧ 2553 ռªԵҴ 0.2 تС 1 ҹд¼ (Wikipedia)͹Ҩѡʶ÷к觺͡ҴѡࡳǡѺҹ˹˹Ѻ͹µͧǴó ҡ¹ਹѴÿѹѡԧѰþ觴ǡ¨ѡͧմ蹵˹觧ҹԵѺҵðҹʴѡ÷ҹ¹˹Ѻ͹µͧԴҧ
  • Ҿҡȴ¡ѹ¹ 13;йҡ»С¶ 1C; V21D;෤դзö¹ʶҹѺ͹µͧͧٷҺá͡ԴͼԴҴʴ¡ѹªԵҧçҧ鹰ҹͧͨѴáѺԺ´¡ѹáҧ˹͵ҹҹѺѡдѺ˹¹͹ŧѺ (ȹ¡ô֧ҧ 繵 ) ç鹷ҷ¡з觨ѧ§ҧö¹ҧѹᴴѴֹҹᤧԿ ͧʹöѵѵ
  • ԹٻҾ͹: NVIDIA



駡з debonairharmony :: ѹŧС 2021-05-26 21:54:15


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